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Annunciation Church, 1650 North Paulina 
Street, Chicago 



FIFTY YEARS OF PARISH HISTORY 

CHURCH OF THE 

ANNUNCIATION 

CHICAGO, ILL., 1866-1916 



The Golden Jubilee of the Church and the Silver 
(Sacerdotal) Jubilee of Its Pastor, Rev- 
erend Joseph A. Glennon 
(1891-1916) 



By 
REV. THOMAS L. HARMON 




CHICAGO 

D. B. Hansen & Sons 

PUBLISHERS 



DEDICATION 

rpO THE PRIESTS AND SISTERS, the men 

I and women, Pioneers of the Annunciation Parish, 

"■" who, through their unfailing piety and spirit of 

self-sacrifice in the cause of Religion, have erected these 

noble monuments to the honor of the Living God, this 

Parish History is respectfully dedicated. 

The Author. 
Annunciation Rectory, 
May 14th, 1916 

"Rise, too, ye Shapes and Shadows of the Past 
Rise from your long-forgotten graves at last 

Let us behold your faces, let us hear 
The words you uttered in those days of fear 

Revisit your familiar haunts again 
The scenes of triumph, and the scenes of pain 

And leave the footprints of your bleeding feet 
Once more upon the pavements of our street." 



CHRONOLOGICAL EVENTS— ANNUNCIA- 
TION PARISH 

1866 — Father Thomas Burke Organized Parish — Built 
Church and Rectory. 

1868 — Father Thomas Edwards Appointed Pastor. 

1872— Sisters of Charity, B. V. M., Opened School. 

1876 — New Church Dedicated by Bishop Foley. 

1877 — Death of Father Edwards — Father Noonan 
Appointed Pastor. 

1886— Death of Father Noonan — Father McShane Ap- 
pointed Pastor. 

1888-9 — Building of New Convent, Academy and 
Rectory. 

1905 — New School and Hall Erected. 

1910— Father Hugh O'Gara McShane Leaves the An- 
nunciation. Is Appointed Pastor of Im. Con- 
ception. 

1910 — Father Dominic Spellman Appointed Pastor 
(Feb'y), Death (Mch.) 

1910 — Father William Hennessy Appointed Pastor 

(Mch. 17th), Death (Sept. 17th). 

1916 — Golden Jubilee Anniversary Celebration. 

1916 — Silver Jubilee Anniversary of Pastor — Rev. 
Joseph A. Glennon. 



FIRST YEARS OF THE PARISH. 

DURING the closing years of the Civil War a con- 
siderable number of Irish immigrants, mostly from 
the County Clare, settled down on the prairie, 
bordering on the North Branch of the Chicago River 
and in what was at that period called the Rolling Mill 
District. The first settlers of the "Valley" had emi- 
grated from their native land to better their worldly 
prospects, and fortune smiled upon their efforts; work 
in the rolling mills was plentiful and remunerative; re- 
joicing in their own modicum of prosperity they un- 
selfishly endeavored to have their friends and neighbors, 
in the old country, come to this land of plenty, to share 
in their abundance. And so it came to pass at length, 
that some two hundred families of native Irish found 
their way to the thriving settlement on the North 
Branch of the River; they formed the nucleus of what 
was to be the pioneer parish of the North West Side. 

In the year 1865, there was but one Catholic 
Church, St. Columbian's, in all that part of the city 
lying north of Lake Street and west of the Chicago 
River. The venerable pastor of the district, Father 
Thomas Burke, experienced every inconvenience in 
looking after the welfare of his scattered flock; the cot- 
tages of his parishioners were spread out over the 
adjacent prairie, within a radius of five or six miles, 
with practically no means of transportation, in the whole 
district. The many families in and around the rolling 
mills, were forced to walk several miles in order to 
assist at the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. Father Burke, 
with the approbation of the Ordinary, set about the 
erection of a mission church for their greater con- 
venience in assisting at Mass. In the fall of 1865, he 
bought six lots at the corner of Wabansia Avenue and 



Paulina Street, and in the following year built a frame 
church and rectory on the new property. For the space 
of two years, a priest from St. Columbian's came to the 
new church of the Annunciation, each Sunday to say 
Mass; in the year 1868, the congregation had increased 
to such an extent as to warrant the appointment of a 
resident pastor. 

Right Reverend Bishop Duggan selected the 
Reverend Thomas Edwards as first resident pastor of 
Annunciation ; this zealous young priest, fresh from the 
shores of his native Ireland, immediately set about the 
reorganization of the parish. There was great need of 
a Catholic school for the education of the children of 
the parish; Father Edwards opened temporary school 
rooms in the basement of the church and gathered about 
him the dear little ones of his beloved parishioners. A 
layman, Mr. John Sexton, was the first teacher in the 
parochial school of the parish; afterwards the Sisters of 
Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, from Dubuque, 
were engaged to take charge of the school, coming to 
the Annunciation in the year 1872. 

Within the short space of three years, the parish 
had increased to such an extent that the old frame 
church was inadequate to accommodate the hundreds 
who flocked to Mass at the Annunciation ; a new church 
was of urgent necessity. During the spring of 1873, 
Father Edwards moved the frame church to a site on 
Commercial Street (Hermitage Avenue), just back of 
the original church location on Paulina Street, hnd 
immediately set about the construction of a new brick 
church. A stone basement, sixty feet wide by one hun- 
dred and sixty-five feet long, was completed in the early 
part of the year 1874, and Mass was celebrated from 
this time on, within its walls. 

The old frame church, during the interval, had 




Bishop Edward J. Dunne, (Dallas, Texas) 



been remodeled and was now used as a school and 
parochial hall. Hundreds of children were being 
instructed by the good Sisters in the commodious class 
rooms of the Annunciation School. Father Edwards 
gave his residence to the Sisters upon their advent and 
for some time afterwards he was without a parish house. 
In the fall of the year 1873, he had built a frame struc- 
ture, adjoining the new church, and this building served 
for years as a residence for the priests of the parish. 

The work of building a church, in our day is but a 
slight undertaking when compared with the laborious 
efforts required, fifty years ago. Father Edwards 
endured hardships and encountered difficulties, in the 
construction of his new church. Obstacles of which we 
cannot realize the magnitude in our day, were met with 
at every step of the work; the great fire had just 
devastated the whole adjoining region of Chicago; busi- 
ness property and homes had to be rebuilt and funds 
for church building came in very slowly. At this time 
too, the devoted pastor found his health in a very 
precarious condition; his arduous labors had weakened 
his frail constitution, yet he continued his work of com- 
pleting the new church of the Annunciation. 

After three years of constant toiling on the part of 
both pastor and people, the beautiful church was com- 
pleted ; it was of modified Gothic construction and easily 
provided seating capacity for over eight hundred people. 
The solemn dedication took place on the feast of the 
Assumption, August 15th, 1876; the ceremony was per- 
formed by the Ordinary of the Diocese, Right Rev- 
erend Bishop Foley, assisted by some thirty clergymen 
and in the presence of a vast concourse of the laity. 
Bishop Foley on this occasion paid a well deserved 
tribute to the untiring efforts of Father Edwards, in 
erecting this magnificent temple to the honor and glory 



of God and the name of our Blessed Lady; he con- 
gratulated the people of the parish, upon their fidelity 
to Holy Church and their self-sacrificing spirit in pro- 
viding this great edifice, from their scanty means, for 
the worship of God. 

Father Edwards, the first pastor and founder of 
the Annunciation Parish, was not destined to enjoy for 
any length of time, the fruit of his labors; hardly had 
he dedicated his beautiful new church, when he fell 
into a sudden decline of health. His arduous work in 
the upbuilding of the parish had been too much for his 
fragile constitution; he lingered for nearly two years, 
refusing to the very last to give up his work among 
his beloved parishioners; he died in the July of 1877. 
At his funeral there was a great gathering of the clergy 
from far and near. Father M. Lyons, a life-long 
friend, celebrated the Solemn Requiem for the repose 
of his soul. Bishop Foley paid a fitting tribute to this 
worthy priest, who gave his life for his flock. 

1877-1886 

SHORTLY after the death of Father Edwards, the 
Bishop of the Diocese appointed Father P. M. 
Noonan to the parish of the Annunciation. This 
brilliant young priest was given charge over one of the 
most flourishing parishes in the city. From a small and 
scattered congregation it had grown year by year, and at 
the time of Father Noonan's advent, over six hundred 
families dwelt within the confines of the parish. The in- 
flux of native sons and daughters of Erin, to the rolling 
mill district, continued for some years after the com- 
pletion of the new church. Their children flocked in 
great numbers, to the well conducted Sisters' school, at 
the corner of Wabansia and Commercial Street. Catho- 
lic societies and church organizations flourished in the 







Reverend Joseph A. Glennon, Pastor 



constantly increasing congregation, whilst one and all 
vied with the others in their liberal support of the church 
and in an endeavor to wipe out the parish indebtedness. 

In the year 1881, Father James Flaherty was ap- 
pointed assistant pastor of the Annunciation; several 
priests had in former years helped the pastors in the 
work of the parish, but a regular assistant was not 
assigned to the Annunciation until this period. Father 
Flaherty spent four years at the Annunciation. He 
labored assiduously, never sparing himself in his con- 
stant attendance upon the sick and poor; he accom- 
plished much in the upbuilding of the parish. Father 
Flaherty was appointed pastor of St. James' Parish, 
Rockford, Illinois, in the year 1885; he continued in 
Rockford over twenty years, endearing himself to all 
in the vicinity; in the year 1907, he was given charge of 
the large and prosperous parish of the Nativity, Chicago, 
and where he still lives today, honored and revered, 
after nearly forty years in the service of Holy Mother 
Church. 

Father James McLaughlin came to the Annuncia- 
tion as assistant to Father Noonan in the year 1884. 
At this period of the existence of the parish, the number 
of families had greatly increased and the zealous efforts 
of the clergy were taxed to the utmost; day and night 
they labored unceasingly, to supply the spiritual wants 
of an ever increasing congregation and none was more 
willing and self-sacrificing than Father McLaughlin. 
In the year 1886, Father James McLaughlin was sent 
to Rockford, 111., where he continued his priestly labors, 
in the new field of St. Mary's Parish. His days were 
few in his new parish; he was called to his reward after 
two short years. 

Father Noonan, the second pastor of the Annun- 
ciation did not live long to enjoy the happy fruit of his 



labors, in the parish. His health had long been in a 
distressful condition and finally he found himself unable 
to look after his arduous duties as pastor. After 
months of suffering, patiently borne after the example 
of his Divine Master, he died in the Spring of 1886. 

The years of his pastorate at the Annunciation were 
co-equal with those of his predecessor, Father Edwards, 
nine in number ; and the memory of his many self-sacri- 
ficing efforts, for the welfare of his dear people, is hal- 
lowed in the shrine of many loving hearts even unto 
this day. 

1886-1910. 

AFTER the death of Father Noonan, Annuncia- 
tion Parish was not destined to be left, for any 
length of time, without a pastor. This prosper- 
ous and numerous congregation, made up of thousands 
of fervent Catholic people, was to be singularly blessed, 
in the choice of a new head of the parish. In looking 
about him for a shepherd of sterling qualities, to guide 
the flock of the Annunciation, Archbishop Feehan chose 
a brilliant and zealous } f oung clergyman, Father Hugh 
O'Gara McShane, at this time pastor of the thriving 
village of Wilmington, 111. 

Father McShane took possession of his new field 
of labor on the first of May, 1886. He found at the 
Annunciation, a well organized congregation, a beauti- 
ful and commodious church ; but many improvements to 
the existing properties and a new Convent and Rectory 
were a crying need of the growing parish. His first 
care was to provide the Sisters of the school with a 
suitable dwelling. In the year 1887, he erected the four 
story, brick Convent and Academy of the Annunciation, 
on the property at the corner of Wabansia and Hermit- 
age Aves., and immediately adjoining the parochial 

10 




Reverend Thomas L. Harmon, Assistant 



school. A life long friend and associate of Father 
McShane was the late Bishop of Dallas, Tex., Edward 
Dunne, and who at this period of our history, had charge 
of All Saints' Parish, this city. In his selection of 
plans for a new rectory, Father McShane turned to his 
friend and adviser. The erection of a commodious and 
model priests' house, at the Annunciation, in the year 
1888, attests the taste and practical judgment of Bishop 
Dunne. The Bishop of Dallas always claimed the An- 
nunciation as his home parish; in fact, Bishop Dunne 
said his first holy Mass, in the June of 1871, at the altar 
of Annunciation Church. 

In the year 1888, Father Edward Griffin, newly 
ordained, was appointed assistant to Father McShane, 
at the Annunciation; this young priest came from his 
native Ireland to labor among his fellow countrymen 
in America, with a zeal and fervor which only increased 
with his years of labor. He has the record, in this 
Diocese, of having remained a curate or assistant, in 
the one parish, for seventeen years. His great work in 
the Annunciation would have, early in his career, 
brought him promotion to the head of a parish of his 
own, but Father McShane's great solicitude, to have 
with him so efficient a colaborer, held Father Griffin 
long years in the rolling mill parish. Father Griffin 
was appointed to organize the newly formed parish of 
St. Dominic, on the North Side, in the year 1905. 
Here he erected in an incredibly short space of time, a 
beautiful church and rectory. He did not live long, 
however, to enjoy the fruit of his labors. He was called 
to his reward in the year 1910. 

Annunciation Parochial School was brought to a 
high grade of efficiency under the guidance of Father 
McShane. The children of the congregation flocked 
to the school in such numbers that every available space 

11 



in the old frame building was utilized and yet a con- 
siderable number could not be accommodated. The 
great need of the parish was a new school building, with 
abundant room for all the children of the congregation, 
and then a commodious assembly hall, for social gath- 
erings of the parish. Although the zealous pastor of 
the Annunciation had burdened himself, during the 
twenty years of his incumbency, with many new build- 
ing projects and a general improvement of existing 
properties, he nevertheless started anew, and began the 
construction of a school and hall; in this work he was 
ably seconded by a committee of parishioners. 

The people of Annunciation Parish responded to 
the call of their pastor, for funds to build the new 
school, with a generosity and spirit of co-operation, 
which gladdened the hearts of the good Sisters, and at 
the same time assured to them a school building worthy 
of the great north-west section of Chicago. In the year 
1906, the parish school was completed and the eight 
hundred or more children of the vicinity, gathered within 
its walls to learn words of wisdom from the Sisters of 
Charit3^ B. V. M., their very capable teachers. 

Subsequent to Father Griffin's departure from the 
Annunciation, a new assistant was appointed in the per- 
son of Father John L. Kelly, who was recently ordained. 
Father Kelly remained with Father McShane for four 
years, ably assisting him in his effective work for the 
salvation of souls. At the close of the year 1908, he 
was appointed to a position on the teaching staff of 
the Cathedral College. 

During the latter vears of Father Mc Shane's ad- 
ministration of the Annunciation Parish a new element 
was introduced into the great north-west section, of the 
city. Thousands of Poles, stalwart sons of Mother 
Church, settled in the rolling mill district, and in a short 

12 





Annunciation School and Convent 



space of time, built several churches of their own. The 
older parishioners of the Annunciation, finding the 
neighborhood too congested, gradually moved away to 
other sections of the city, and of the congregation, once 
numbering over one thousand families, there remained 
in the year 1910, but four hundred families. About this 
period a great sorrow came into the life of the venerable 
pastor of the Annunciation. He lost, by the hand of 
death, his beloved sister, Mary Ann McShane, his helper 
and companion in labor, for over thirty years. 

In the midst of his affliction and sorrow, Father 
McShane was appointed to a new church (1910), the 
parish of the Immaculate Conception, located on the 
north side. He did not live long in his new field of 
labor. His health had been gradually failing and after 
two years of his pastorate, at the Immaculate Concep- 
tion, he passed to his eternal reward. 

Few priests in the United States have exercised in 
the ministry more fruitfully than this venerable man of 
God. Filled with zeal and fervor he implanted in the 
hearts of the faithful, around him, a great spirit of 
faith and Catholic discipline. A lasting monument to 
his priestly life is to be found in the sterling Catholicity 
of the thousands, who have grown to manhood and 
womanhood, under his watchful care and instruction. 

1910-1916 

WHEN Father McShane removed to the Immacu- 
late Conception, as its pastor, the hearts of his 
old parishioners at the Annunciation were sad- 
dened at the loss of him who had guided them for over 
twenty- four years. They found some consolation, how- 
ever, in the fact that a life-long friend of their former 
pastor was to succeed him at the Annunciation, Father 
Dominic Spellman. On February 23rd of this year, a 

13 



farewell reception was tendered Father McShane, and 
his successor, Father Spellman, on the same occasion 
was given a hearty welcome. Hardly had the new rector 
settled his belongings in his new home, when he sud- 
denly expired of heart trouble. 

On the very day that Father Spellman was laid 
away in the Priests' Circle, in Calvary, the Most Rev- 
erend Archbishop Quigley appointed a new pastor for 
the bereaved parish, in the person of Father Wm. Hen- 
nessy. 

Father Hennessy came to the Annunciation, filled 
with bright prospects and hope for the future. He had 
for eighteen years, labored in the Calumet region, form- 
ing, during that period, two new parishes, St. Ailbe's 
and St. Joachim's ; he had made a record for parish work 
and church building. During his first few weeks at 
the Annunciation, he planned a complete renovation 
of the church and rectory, which were sadly in need of 
repairs. Hardly had the contract for remodeling been 
let, when the good pastor was stricken with a serious ail- 
ment. He was removed to the Mercy Hospital, where 
he lingered for nearly five months. The work planned 
by Father Hennessy was carried on under the direc- 
tion of Reverend Father Thos. L. Harmon, who was 
assigned to the Annunciation, as assistant pastor, in 
the early part of the year 1910. 

On the 17th of September, of this year, Father 
Hennessy succumbed to his fatal illness, dying just 
six months after his appointment as pastor of the An- 
nunciation. His funeral was the occasion of a great 
outpouring of priests and people to the ceremony. 
Archbishop Quigley celebrated the obsequies and in 
his address, paid a fitting tribute to the virtues of the 
deceased. Father Hennessy was buried in Mt. Olivet 
Cemetery. 

14 



Reverend Father Burke, Founder of Annuncia- 
tion Parish 



A remarkable coincidence is to be noted in this 
forty-fourth year of the history of Annunciation Parish. 
Four pastors ruled over the destinies of the congrega- 
tion during the short space of one year. After the 
death of Father Hennessy, Archbishop Quigley, for the 
third time within the year 1910, appointed a new pastor 
to the Annunciation. His choice on this occasion was 
a singularly happy one in as much as the new rector, 
Reverend Father Joseph A. Glennon, came to the An- 
nunciation with a bright prospect of many years of use- 
fulness before him. Father Glennon had spent seven 
years of successful work, in the parish at Stony Island, 
previous to his appointment to the Annunciation. 

The work of remodeling the church and rectory, 
begun by Father Hennessy, was taken up by the new 
pastor. A large new sacristy was added to the church ; 
the altars redecorated and a new electric power and 
lighting system installed throughout the entire church 
properties. Since the advent of Father Glennon im- 
provements reaching a total cost of thirty thousand dol- 
lars have been made. The parish property of the 
Annunciation, as it stands today, church, rectory, con- 
vent, academy and school, is worth, at an estimated 
value, over two hundred thousand dollars and is free 
from all indebtedness. 

During the six years of Father Glennon's pas- 
torate, the parish has diminished to almost a shadow 
of its former self. The glory of days gone by has passed 
forever. There remain in the parish today but one 
hundred and fifty families. The steady influx during 
the past ten years of foreign peoples into the territory 
covered by the Annunciation parish has been the direct 
cause of the emigration of the great body of parishion- 
ers. Today one-half of the parish is overcrowded with 
Russian Jews. The numerical loss of the Annuncia- 

15 



tion has been the gain of the new and prosperous 
parishes on the north and west side, all of which number 
today among their best families, hundreds of former 
Annunciation parishioners. Although the parish has 
lost in numbers, a spirit of good will and generosity is 
to be found among the few who remain; they continue 
with unbounded generosity, to bear the heavy burden 
of supporting their church and school. A notable ex- 
ample of this liberality is shown in the support given 
to our school wherein some two hundred children, who 
do not belong to the parish, are being educated free. 
Father Glennon and Father Harmon, his assistant, find 
their efforts ably seconded by the good will of their 
loyal parishioners. 

The Church Committee or Trustees for this present 
year and appointed by the Most Reverend Archbishop, 
for the Annunciation Parish are, Mr. Owen J. Cullen, 
of 1714 W. North Avenue, and Mr. John V. Purtell, of 
1943 N. Robey Street. The parish is blessed in the 
service rendered by its very faithful and efficient choir, 
of some twenty voices. This body of self-sacrificing 
men and women has for years given their valuable time 
and efforts, for the praise and honor of God's Holy 
Name, in the Church. The choir leader and organist is 
Miss Mary Sullivan, who for over forty years, has given 
,her time and services in this work for God's Holy 
Church. She has deserved the lasting gratitude of An- 
nunciation Parish. ^ 

This congregation has the singular honor of having 
given to God as ministers at His Altar, ten native sons 
of the parish, one of whom, Father Dunne, became 
Bishop of the Diocese of Dallas, Texas ; besides Bishop 
Dunne, the young men ordained from this parish as 
priests are: Reverend William Foley, pastor of St. 
Ambrose' Church, Chicago ; Reverend Edward Martin, 

16 




Reverend Thomas Edwards, First Pastor 



O. P., of St. Paul, Minn. ; Reverend Thomas V. Shan- 
non, S.T.D., Wilmette; Reverend James Walsh, Rev- 
erend John Grace, Reverend Patrick Griffin, Reverend 
Edmund Burke, Reverend John Campbell, Reverend 
Luke Lyons, all located in the various parishes of the 
city. 

Over eighty young women of the parish have de- 
voted their lives to the services of God, in Religion, dur- 
ing the years Annunciation parish has been in existence. 
Of this number, sixty or more are members of the Sis- 
ters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; two young 
women of the parish are at this time Superiors of the 
Congregations to which they belong; Sister Mary 
Adora (Caverly), B. V. M., Provincial Superior of the 
B.V.M.'s, and Mother Good Shepherd (Caverly), 
S. G. S., local superior in Los Angeles, Cal. 

THE GOLDEN JUBILEE ANNIVERSARY 
CELEBRATION 

1866-1916 

UNDAY, May 14th, was a memorable day in the 
history of Annunciation Parish. On this day 
occurred the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Founda- 
tion of the Parish. Fifty years ago, Father Thomas 
Burke organized the congregation and built the first 
church of the parish. 

With fitting pomp and sacred ceremony, this, the 
Golden Jubilee Anniversary, was commemorated. The 
Most Reverend Archbishop, George William Munde- 
lein, was present on the occasion, in the sanctuary. The 
Solemn Anniversary Mass was celebrated by Reverend 
Wm. Foley, assisted by Reverend P. Griffin as Deacon 
and Reverend E. Burke as Sub-Deacon. The Very 
Reverend Edward Hoban, V. G., was master of cere- 

17 



monies. The Jubilee Sermon was delivered by the 
Reverend Thomas V. Shannon, S.T.D.; at another 
place in this book, will be fomid a full account of this 
brilliant discourse. Over thirty church dignitaries and 
clergymen were present in the Sanctuary. Among 
those present were: Rt. Reverend Monsignor Fitz- 
simmons, P. A., Reverend Edward A. Kelly, James Cal- 
lahan, Father Furey, S. J., P. J. Tinan, P. Conway, 
J. Gilmartin, Jas. Welsh, J. C. Gillen, Jos. O'Reilley, 
Father Ambrose, C. P., Luke Lyons, Peter Shew- 
bridge, J. Suerth, John Campbell, Edmund Burke, Ed- 
ward Martin, O. P., Thos. L. Harmon. 

After the church services, the pastor, Father Glen- 
non, entertained the visiting Prelates and clergy at a 
dinner, in the Rectory. In the evening Solemn Ves- 
pers were chanted and a very eloquent sermon, appro- 
priate for the occasion, was preached by the Right 
Reverend Bishop McGavick. 

During the solemn Anniversary Mass in the morn- 
ing, hundreds of former parishioners of the Annuncia- 
tion were in attendance; several of those present had 
lived in the parish at the time of its organization, by 
Father Burke, fifty years ago! What hallowed mem- 
ories filled the minds of many, on this auspicious oc- 
casion. They sat today in the very seats their dear 
fathers and mothers, long since dead and gone, had 
occupied in their da}^ of zealous activity, as members 
of the dear old Annunciation parish. 

FATHER GLENNON'S SILVER (SACER- 
DOTAL) JUBILEE 

TWENTY-FIVE years in the service of God's 
Church, His priest and representative, in admin- 
istering to the spiritual needs of the faithful. The 
people of a parish may well rejoice and celebrate with 

18 




Reverend P. M. Xooxan, (1877-1886) 



fitting ceremonies, the occasion of their pastor's com- 
pletion of so many well spent years, in the ministry of 
Christ Our Lord. 

On Monday, May the 15th, Father Joseph A. 
Glennon, for the past six years pastor of the Annun- 
ciation, celebrated the Silver Jubilee of his Ordination 
to the Priesthood. The Jubilarian officiated at the 
Solemn Anniversary Mass, at half past ten, in the 
Church of the Annunciation, assisted by Reverend Wil- 
liam Foley as Deacon and Father Flood as Sub-Dea- 
con. The sermon was preached by Father Tinan, un- 
der whose paternal guidance Father Glennon first 
labored as an assistant, in parish work. There were 
present, for the occasion, over one hundred priests, 
friends of Father Glennon and old associates in the 
ministry. 

After the Mass, the visiting Clergy were enter- 
tained at a banquet in Annunciation Assembly Hall; 
Bishop Muldoon of Rockford and a life long friend of 
Father Glennon, presided at the festive board. In the 
evening, a great multitude, the parishioners and friends 
of the Jubilarian, gathered in the parish hall to do honor 
to their beloved pastor ; addresses were made, congratu- 
lating Father Glennon, upon this auspicious occasion. 
In the name of the parishioners, Mr. John E. Maloney 
presented to the pastor, a purse of several hundred dol- 
lars — a token of their love and appreciation. 

Tuesday morning, the third day of the Jubilee Cele- 
bration, Father Glennon sang a Solemn Requiem Mass, 
for the repose of the souls of deceased Priests, Sisters 
and parishioners of the parish. In the afternoon of the 
same day, the children of the parish gave an entertain- 
ment in honor of their beloved pastor ; their dear voices 
gave expression to the love and devotion of their loyal 
hearts. At the close of the reception, the sisters and 

19 



children presented Father Glennon with a beautiful 
gold chalice — a token of their love and appreciation — 
in grateful acknowledgment of his paternal care and 
interest in their welfare. 

Joseph A. Glennon was born in Louisville, Ken- 
tucky, in the year 1862; his parents were John Glennon 
and Margaret Daly Glennon, natives of Kings County, 
Ireland. After the close of the Civil War, the family 
came to Chicago and located in the neighborhood of 
Bridgeport, on the South Side; here this devout Catho- 
lic family dwelt for over thirty-five years, attending 
first, the Church of the Holy Family and afterwards 
All Saints' Church. In his boyhood, Father Glennon 
attended Holy Family parochial school and after his 
grammar course was completed, he entered St. Ignatius 
College. 

At the conclusion of his collegiate studies, the young 
man entered St. Mary's Seminary, Baltimore, as a can- 
didate for the priesthood. In the year 1891, Joseph A. 
Glennon was ordained priest, by the Most Reverend 
Patrick A. Feehan, Archbishop of Chicago. His first 
appointment was to the Church of the Holy Rosary, 
Pullman, 111., and where he acted in the capacity of 
assistant to Father Tinan. In the year 1892, Father 
Glennon was sent to St. Thomas Church, on the south 
side, to assist Father Carroll in the work of the parish; 
after six years he went to St. Mathew's, where he re- 
mained five years. In the year 1903, he was appointed 
pastor of St. Ailbes Church, Stony Island. This parish 
was situated in a neighborhood where the parishioners 
were poor and few, and the parish priest found his bur- 
den a heavy one ; in spite of all obstacles, Father Glen- 
non labored successfully in this territory for over eight 
years. In the year 19i0, the Church of the Annuncia- 
tion was bereaved in the loss of its pastor, Father Wm. 

20 



Reverend Hugh O'Gara McShane, (1886-1910) 



Hennessy. In appointing a new rector, Archbishop 
Quigley selected the well deserving pastor of St. Ailbes 
Church, as meriting promotion to the Annunciation. 
Father Glennon came to the Church of the Annuncia- 
tion, in September, 1910, accompanied by his devoted 
sister, Miss Mary Glennon. Here he continues today, 
in the midst of a loyal and appreciative congregation — 
loved and honored by all who know him. Ad multos 
Annos ! 

ANNUNCIATION SCHOOL AND THE 
SISTERS OF CHARITY, B. V.M. 

THE first class of school children in the Annuncia- 
tion Parish, was gathered together in the fall of 
1869, and a school master of the old country type, 
John Sexton, was engaged to teach the children of the 
rolling mill district. Final arrangements were made 
with the Sisters of Charity, B. V. M., of Dubuque, to 
take charge of the school, in the year 1871, and the little 
band of Religious came to the Annunciation, to open the 
work of teaching, which was to be, in the years to come, 
a source of such countless blessing to the people of the 
parish. Two Sisters in particular of the original band, 
who first came to the Annunciation, are lovingly remem- 
bered by the thousands of children who were taught in 
the school in the past forty years : Sister Mary Loyola, 
who passed to her eternal reward last year, and Sister 
Mary Aquin, who is still at the Annunciation School, 
after over forty years of continual service therein. 

Father Edwards, upon the advent of the Sisters, 
gave up his own parochial residence, that the teachers 
of his school might have a suitable residence. The old 
frame church was removed from the corner of Paulina 
Street and Wabansia Avenue, to make room for the new 

21 



brick church, and remodelled into a school for the 
children. As the parish became larger, the number of 
children in the school increased, and after a few years 
the Sisters had under their care over six hundred 
children. 

During the early years of Father McShane's pas- 
torate, his first care was to provide for the Sisters a 
more commodious dwelling; accordingly he built, in the 
year 1889, a large convent and academy, at the corner 
of Wabansia Avenue and Commercial Street (Hermit- 
age Avenue), and provided it with a spacious chapel, 
for the celebration of Mass. In the year 1903, the ques- 
tion of building a new school was agitated by the par- 
ishioners. The old building was inadequate and un- 
suitable in many ways; a modern school and hall were 
badly needed in this large and flourishing parish, which 
contained within its boundaries, over a thousand families. 
Work on the new school began in the spring of ] 905 and 
a magnificent building, containing twelve class rooms, 
and a spacious assembly hall, was completed and ready 
for occupancy in the fall of the same year. 

For over forty-seven years, have the Sisters of 
Charity labored in the Annunciation Parish, and what 
untold good have they accomplished in their work of 
educating the children! God alone knows the diffi- 
culties they had to overcome, and the painstaking per- 
severance with which they continued on, during all these 
years, in a labor of love — bringing the little ones to the 
feet of Jesus. There are at present, twelve Sisters at 
the Annunciation Convent, ten of whom are teaching 
in the school; the superior is Sister Mary of the Angels. 
Of the twelve Sisters in the Convent, three have been at 
the Annunciation over twenty-five years, Sisters Mary 
Aquin, Mary David and Mary Burissima. During the 
period of forty-seven years the Sisters have been in the 

22 




Reverend James Flaherty 



Parish, over sixty young women, native daughters of 
the Parish, have become members of the congregation 
of the Sisters of Charity of the Blessed Virgin Mary. 
The following Sisters came from the Annunciation: 

Sister Mary Oswald Armstrong, Mary Carena 
Casey (Dead), Mary Priscilla Ryan (Dead), Mary 
Louise Gallagher (Dead), Mary Consolata Connell, 
Mary Vincent Connell, Mary Edward Hallinan, Mary 
Leocretia Hallinan (Dead), Mary Guadentia Halli- 
nan, Mary Blandina Lyons (Dead), Mary Cleonica 
Purtell, Mary Cleonica Cavanaugh, Mary Alphonse 
Kiltz (Dead), Mary Cajetan Sanders, Mary Adora 
Caverly, Mary Gervase Tuffy, Mary Cyrilla Tuffy 
(Dead), Mary Ignatius Tuffy, Mary Lucillian O'Dea 
(Dead), Mary Reparata Martin, Mary Solana Beatty, 
Mary Savina Beatty, Mary Balbina Durkin, Mary An- 
tonia Durkin, Mary Petrona Doyle, Mary Consuela 
Martin, Mary Norbert Shannahan, Mary St. Joseph 
Crennan, Mary Lillian Carney, Mary Alexander Keeffe, 
Mary Blanda Kellet (Dead), Mary Meltreta Numis, 
Mary Severina Brennan, Mary Fredrick Smith, Mary 
Bibiana Shannon, Mary Ellen Curran, Mary Valerian 
Cullen (Dead), Mary St. Hugh O'Neil, Mary Vin- 
cenzo Mahoney, Mary Eulalia Canevin, Mary Venan- 
tia Mclnerny (Dead), Mary Vincentine Kelly, Mary 
Sylvana Sullivan, Mary Edgar Hickey, Mary Antoni- 
nus Weir, Mary St. Robert Lusk, Mary Sebastian 
Reilley, Mary Ursala Horn, Mary St. Francis of 
Assisi Horn, Mary Azaria Flynn, Mary Calasanctius 
Brennan, Mary St. Monica Clogan, Mary Cyrilla 
Burke, Mary Delphine White, Mary St. Cuthbert 
White, Mary Adelma Burke, Mary Ignace Mann 
(Dead), Mary Sigismund White. 



23 



TOTAL ABSTINENCE SOCIETIES IN 
ANNUNCIATION PARISH 

FATHER EDWARDS, first pastor of the An- 
nunciation, upon coming from his native Ireland 
to his new field of labor, brought with him the 
spirit of the great Apostle of Temperance, Father 
Mathew. Shortly after the organization of the parish, 
the pastor deemed a Total Abstinence Society one of the 
great needs of the congregation. Accordingly his first 
care was the institution of a large and active temperance 
organization. 

In furtherance of his ardent desire to imbue all 
with that great Christian virtue of Self Denial as fol- 
lowed out in the practice of Total Abstinence, he placed 
in a prominent position, in his new church, a memorial 
window, bearing the likeness of the great Father 
Mathew. As the years went by, the Total Abstinence 
Society continued as a valuable adjunct of parish 
activity; and even at this late day we have living a 
surviving member of that first temperance society, Mr. 
James Branick, who took the pledge from Father 
Mathew himself and who possesses today the sacred 
emblem of his pledge, the medal pinned on his breast by 
the great Apostle of total abstinence. 

In the year 1887, Father McShane organized what 
was known at that time as the Father Mathew Temper- 
ance Society, in the Annunciation parish; a few years 
later a more formal organization, known as the Knights 
of Father Mathew, was established in the congregation. 
During the years that followed, the Total Abstinence 
membership increased and multiplied, and a club, with 
spacious quarters in the old school building", was or- 
ganized. At this time, Mr. John F. Cunneen took 
charge of the society in the parish and under his self- 

24 



sacrificing efforts and care hundreds of men and boys 
were interested in the cause of Temperance, not only 
in the Annunciation parish, but throughout the whole 
city likewise. No man in the United States has done 
more to promote temperance and total abstinence, to 
rescue the victims of intemperance from this awful vice 
and to strengthen youth against its allurements, than 
this zealous Christian worker. 

During the summer of 1893 the Temperance So- 
ciety of Annunciation Parish was awarded the grand 
prize, an original painting of the venerable Father 
Mathew, at the annual convention; the Annunciation 
Society not only exceeded any other similar organiza- 
tion in the country in number of members, but likewise 
acquired the greatest number of new members during 
the preceding year. In the following year the Fife and 
Drum Corps and the Cadets were organized by John F. 
Cunneen ; they were splendidly uniformed and for many 
years these two divisions of the Annunciation Total 
Abstinence Society were the pride not only of the Parish 
but of the whole city ; they made a splendid appearance 
at the many public church celebrations; on parade, in 
particular, on several momentous occasions, in the His- 
tory of the Archdiocese. On the occasion of holding the 
Annual State Conventions of the various Temperance 
Societies, the Annunciation Cadets and Fife and Drum 
Corps were frequently present; the cities of Ottawa, 
Peoria, Sterling, Galesburg, Joliet, Dwight and others 
were visited in this way, during the years of the organiza- 
tions' existence. Pictures of the Cadets and Fife and 
Drum Corps, of great interest to the older members of 
the parish, will be found at another place in this His- 
tory. 

The Temperance Society is still in existence in the 
Parish, although with greatly diminished numbers; the 

25 



present organization, called the Father Mathew League, 
is composed principally of boys; several of the older 
members of former days are very active members of 
the present society, in particular, Mr. John F. Cunneen, 
John E. Maloney, Martin J. Killeen, James E. Caverly 
and the State President of the Total Astinence Union 
of Illinois, Reverend Thomas L. Harmon. 

The Catholic Boys' Camp, an organization which 
has afforded hundreds of our boys throughout the city 
an annual outing, for the past three years, originated 
with the Father Mathew League, of Annunciation 
Parish and under its auspices. Camps for Catholic Boys 
were held annually for the past fifteen years under the 
auspices of the Catholic Temperance Societies, always 
planned and directed by Mr. John F. Cunneen. 

PIONEERS OF ANNUNCIATION PARISH 

PARISH PRIEST, in the upbuilding of church 
properties, is dependent, to a great extent upon 
the co-operation and moral support of his parish- 
ioners ; the willing hands and the hearty support of early 
settlers, in a congregation, have made possible many a 
noble Sanctuaiy, dedicated to the worship of God. 

Words cannot express the spirit of sacrifice, the 
persevering efforts which actuated the Pioneers of An- 
nunciation Parish; how they labored to perpetuate the 
worship of their Maker, in precincts of home and every 
day life, and with what zeal they sought to bring up 
their children, in the same spirit of faith and loyalty, to 
God and Holy Church. That their example may ever 
be our beacon light and their names ever be hallowed, 
in the sanctuary of our hearts, we shall here inscribe 
a partial list of the Pioneers of Annunciation Parish: 
William and Ellen Sullivan, Simon and Mary Ma- 

26 





Reverend Edward Griffin 



loney, Jas. and Mary Cullinan, Martin and Mary 
Qualey, Sr. Philip and Mary Dalton, Lawrence and 
Mary Foley, Capt. M. and Mary Connell, Dan. and 
Mary Carroll, James and Mary Caverly, James and 
Mary Ryan, Pat. and Mary Meaney, Pat. and Anasta- 
tia Meaney, John and Mary Beatty, Patrick and Mrs. 
Foley, Peter Foley, Mat. Foley, Patrick and Mary 
Hastings, Luke and Ellen Lyons, James and Mary 
Burke, Edmund and Mrs. Burke, Alex, and Johanna 
Burke, Andrew and Anna Caverly, James and Mary 
Mclnerny, Pat. and Bridget Hough, Martin and Mrs. 
Lane, Ml. and Elizabeth Tuffy, Ml. and Mrs. Smith, 
Patrick and Anastatia Furlong, Ml. and Mary Halli- 
nan, Lawrence and Mary Donovan, Thos, and Mary 
Cotter, John and Ellen Cotter, James and Mary Quinn, 
Dan. and Margaret Donahue, Jeremiah and Ellen 
Donoghue, M. and Mrs. McDonnell, Michael Campbell 
and wife, Ml. Corbett and wife, Cornelius Tierney and 
wife, Samuel Atkinson and wife, Dennis and Mary 
Griffin, Edward and Mary Mahoney, Pat. and Mary 
Mclnery, Pat. and Bridget Hough, Martin and Mrs. 
Hough, Edward and Margaret Monahan, Mrs. Helen 
O'Leary, Mr. and Mrs. Bohanan, Michael Purtell and 
wife, Patrick Cunneen and wife, Lawrence and Mrs. 
Archibald, Martin and Mary Fitzgibbons, John and 
Margaret Fitzgibbons, James Hanlon and wife. 

Mr. and Mrs. Shiel, Richard and Margaret Barry, 
Michael and Mary Ambrose, Patrick and M. Hanreddy, 
Patrick and Sarah Kenna, John and Mary Shannahan, 
John Gleason and wife, Michael Hartigan and wife, 
M. Bowler and wife, Mrs. Prindiville, Michael and 
Mary O'Dea, Michael Keeffe, Anthony Weir and 
wife, Michael Ryan and wife, Mrs. Bridget Murphy, 
Michael Quinlan and wife, P. A. Flynn and wife, Mrs. 
J. McGrath, Andrew Quigley and wife, Patrick Mon- 

27 



goven and wife, Mathew and Margaret Blake, Thomas 
Burns and wife, Tim Corcoran and wife, Herman Mo- 
kate and wife, Patrick Quill and wife, James McLaugh- 
lin and wife, Mrs. Hulsman, Mrs. Samuel Hough, Mr. 
and Mrs. Boyle, Patrick Curtis, Patrick Killeen and 
wife, Thomas Cahill and wife, Patrick and Elizabeth 
Walsh, Mrs. Lynn, Thomas Gallagher, Mr. and Mrs. 
J. O'Brien, Patrick and Mary Conway, Ml. McCann 
and wife, Thomas Thompson and wife, Mrs. G. Bender, 
Michael Lyons, Michael and Mary Whalen, Michael 
Dorsey, Franey Family, John and Mrs. Regan, Henry 
and Mrs. Berscheid, Simon Casey and wife, Ml. and Mrs. 
Layden, Thomas Mooney, Michael Kennedy, Mago and 
Mrs. Sullivan, S. Casper and wife, Con. Heffernan, 
Martin Doherty and wife, P. Purcell and wife, John 
Barrett and wife, John Galvin and Mary Galvin, Pat- 
rick O'Connor and wife, Dennis Morrissey and wife, 
Mrs. McGady, Mrs. and Mr. Ready, Pat. Russell, Ed. 
Patterson and wife, Michael Corbett, Mr. and Mrs. 
John Sexton, John Ljmch, Drennan Family, Martin 
Quinn, Dr. P. Curran, Mrs. W. Dimmer, Martin Cul- 
len and wife, Mrs. M. W. Conway, John Murphy and 
wife, Martin Hough and wife. 

THE MOST REV. GEORGE W. MUNDELEIN 

iHE MOST REVEREND GEORGE W. 

MUNDELEIN is an American of German 
descent — his father's family hailing from West- 
phalia. His maternal grandfather was one among the 
very first New Yorkers who responded to President Lin- 
coln's call for volunteers in 1861 and died on the battle- 
field for the cause of the Union. 

On July 2, 1872, and in the old parish of St. Nich- 
olas, then on the upper East Side of New York, it was 

28 





Reverend W. S. Hennessy, (1910) 



that the child destined to rule one of the world's most 
important archdioceses first saw the light of day, the 
Mundeleins having been faithful members of this par- 
ish for more than fifty years. Young George W. Mun- 
delein received his primary education at the St. Nich- 
olas parochial school, and thence entered the LaSalle 
Institute, where he was graduated in 1887, to become 
a graduate of Manhattan College two years later. 

Before his matriculation at the latter college, there 
to study for the priesthood, he was offered a cadetship 
at Annapolis by President Cleveland, but declined the 
appointment because he felt himself called to the service 
of God as His priest and could not be satisfied with the 
prospect of a mere worldly career, however brilliant it 
might come to prove. 

While he was a student at Manhattan College, his 
excellent work drew upon him the attention of the Right 
Reverend C. E. McDonnell, then private secretary to 
Archbishop Corrigan. Mgr. McDonnell was made 
Bishop of Brooklyn in 1892 and the highly favorable 
impression he had formed of young Mundelein caused 
him to befriend the latter cordially when after a course 
in philosophy at St. Vincent's' Seminary, Penrr, Geo. 
W. Mundelein passed four years at the Urban College 
of the Propaganda, Rome, in the study of theology, tak- 
ing at the same time a special course in the Liturgical 
Academy. 

Although it is the Cardinal Vicar of Rome who or- 
dains the students of Urban College, Father Geo. W. 
Mundelein was ordained by Bishop McDonnell — 
through a special courtesy of the Cardinal Vicar — in 
1895. He celebrated his first Mass in St. Peter's. The 
College of the Propaganda then conferred on him the 
degree of D. D., and later on, in 1908, the further degree 
of S. T. D. 

29 



After the young priest's return to America, Bishop 
McDonnell first put him in charge of a Lithuanian 
church — in Williamsburg — and within a short time, in 
1897, entrusted him with the responsible and difficult 
office of chancellor of the diocese of Brooklyn. 

The year 1901 witnessed Father Mundelein's ele- 
vation to the dignity of domestic prelate to His Holiness, 
with the title of Monsignore. And in 1909 Mgr. Mun- 
delein was made titulary Bishop of Loryna and auxiliary 
Bishop of Brooklyn. Previously he had been Hector of 
the Queen of All Saints parish and synchronously Rec- 
tor of the Chapel of St. Mary of the Isle, the latter be- 
ing a summer-mission at Long Beach. 

And the next hierarchical promotion of the Right 
Reverend George W. Mundelein took place in 1915, 
when toward the end of the year, His Holiness Bene- 
dict XV appointed him to the Archbishopric of Chica- 
go, left vacant by the death of Archbishop Quigley, and 
by so doing had him become the youngest Archbishop, 
as he was the youngest Bishop, in America. 

Archbishop Mundelein's tremendous energy and 
capacity for work (truly effective work, mind you) is 
perhaps best illustrated by the fact, that as Auxiliary 
Bishop of Brooklyn he held, and thoroughly filled, not 
less than ten positions at one and the same time, since 
besides being Auxiliary Bishop, Rector of the Cathedral 
Chapel Queen of All Saints, and Rector of St. Mary's 
Chapel at Long Beach, he was also Diocesan Consultor, 
Director of the Diocese, Rector of the Immaculate Con- 
ception Preparatory Seminary, Director of Diocesan 
Cemeteries, Director of the Roman Catholic Orphan 
Asylum Society, President of the Tablet Publishing 
Co., and Spiritual Director of the Cathedral Club. 

To his zealous, intelligent and constant efforts were 
very largely due, among other accomplishments, the 

30 




^ 



a c 



< 



improvements which have made the Brooklyn Orphan 
Asylum a model institution; the building up of the 
Brooklyn Preparatory Seminary; the erection of the 
seaside Chapel of St. Mary of the Isle; the success of 
the Brooklyn Cathedral Club, a splendid organization 
of Catholic lay manhood ; the excellence of the Catholic 
publication known as "The Tablet"; and the glorious 
beauty of the finest building in Brooklyn, the Cathedral 
Chapel of the Queen of All Saints. 

Still another distinction achieved by Archbishop 
Mundelein before he was invested with the Pallium is 
that of having fervently and forcefully followed the lead 
of Pius X, of saintly memory, in combating the evil of 
modernism. 

Let it be added that His Grace of Chicago is a 
rarely gifted linguist who speaks fluently almost all the 
languages current in cosmopolitan Chicago — and no 
more need be said to establish beyond a doubt this arch- 
diocese's flawless title to exceedingly "great expecta- 
tions" of and for its Archbishop and itself. 



31 




Reverend William Foley 




Reverend Edward A. Martin, O. P. 




Reverend M. J. Breen, C. S. V. 




Reverend Thomas V. Shannon, 



Reverend P. M. Griffin 




Reverend Edmund Burke 




Reverend John Campbell 




Reverend Luke Lyons 



CATHOLIC THEOLOGICAL UNION 

BX1418.C4H3 C001 

FIFTY YEARS OF PARISH HISTORY CHICAGO 



3 0311 00041 2473 



*7Zf/ 



1 





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